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Parks

Blidinje

 

Blidinje Nature Park was established in 1995. The name was given by Blidinje Lake which is situated at the base of Dugo Polje at an altitude of 1184 m., with an area of about 6 km2. The water comes in the lake from the surrounding mountains of Vran and Cvrsnica, as the snow melts.

With its altitude, cold winters and large amounts of snowfall, it has become a popular winter destination for many guests. Today, the rich flora of the park consists of a great diversity of plants, from the Mediterranean to high-mountain, among which a large number is of endemic species, from fungi to the beauty of the Park - Munika, which in Masna Luka and the surrounding area has the largest population in Europe. Among the many animals in the park certainly is a special one forest king - the brown bear and the ornament of tops of Cvrsnica - chamois. Clash of karst, glacial and morphological structures gives a special charm and dramatics to the area.

People have lived here for a long time. Since when exactly they inhabited these regions are not known for certain. What is visible now to the passer-by: Illyrian heaps, Roman roads, ruins of medieval churches, many necropoleis of stelae, especially those on Dugo Polje, and very interesting mountain houses from the distant and recent past, as well as a myriad of typical stone walls. Legendary Vran Mountain and phenomenal Cvrsnica nurtured in their arms on the 1150-1300 m above sea level fertile valley of fields,25 km long and 3-5 km wide, and in the valley, Blidinjsko Lake as well, as lovely blue eye in the head of mountain beauties.

 

Hutovo Blato

 

Hutovo Blato, a unique sub-Mediterranean swamp, is located in a typical karst environment in southern Herzegovina. Territorially, it belongs to Capljina and Stolac municipalities, and is considered to be one of the largest winter home of birds in the region of Europe.

Hutovo Blato is a collection of number of interconnected lakes, of which the biggest are: Deransko, Jelim, Drijen, Orah, Skrk and Svitavsko. Svitavsko lake is man-made accumulation, created by building hydroelectric power station Capljina.

In addition to ornithological, biological characteristics of Hutovo Blato is extremely valuable as well. Rarely can any place in the world boast with such a large number of species in such a small area.

The surface of park is 7.411 acres, of which 1.580 acres is of water surface, 61 permanent or temporary water sources, 6 lakes, river Krupa with 9 km long water course through the park, altitude from 1 to 432 m.

River Krupa flows through the park, tributary of Neretva, which together with the groundwater of adjacent karst area creates water regime, and hence the general living conditions in this wetland ecosystem.

Relief, climate, vegetation and abundance of water create here year-round favorable habitat conditions for many plants and animals, especially birds. Hutovo Blato is important for wintering of ducks and waders, and the nesting of endangered European species, such as various herons or cormorants. Due to the vast wet surfaces and a variety of wetland habitat, as well as the favorable influence of the Mediterranean climate, Hutovo Blato is during the winter perfect resting place for ducks, coots and numerous other birds arrived from the north of Europe.

The wealth of water and their association with the sea through Neretva and Krupa, creates rich fish world in Hutovo Blato. It has long been known by catching eels and carp.

The main artery in Hutovo Blato is river Krupa, which drains water of Deransko and Svitavsko Blato into Neretva. It has no real source, but it flows from Deransko Lake snake-like course toward Neretva. This peculiar river can flow in two directions. In times of high water of Neretva, Krupa carries water into Deransko Lake, causing flooding of surrounding areas.

 

 

Sutjeska National Park 

 

The beauty of this area is reflected primarily in the extreme diversity of landscapes, from the mild valleys, thick woods, vast mountain pastures, to the high, rocky mountain peaks. There are also beautiful glacial lakes of Zelengora, because of its beauty named "Mountain Eyes", deep river canyons and numerous rapid streams and crystal clear and cool springs.

In National Park Sutjeska, a relatively small area, is concentrated a great treasure of flora and fauna, so that this area has been targeted by many scientists: botanists, forestry experts, geologists, zoologists...

More than 2600 species of vascular plants are represented here, with a large percentage of endemic and rare species. The rich flora includes a list of over 100 species of edible mushrooms, and a large number of species on the Red List, or the rare, endangered and sensitive.

Fauna of National Park Sutjeska is also extremely wealthy. The dense forests and mountainous cliffs are inhabited by nearly all types typical of the Balkan mountain system. The park during the development of a management plan (March-September 2002) recorded 114 species of birds, but the final list should reach the number of 135-150, if more observations is done in different periods of the year. From the observed 114 species, 61 nest and live in the park, 32 species visit park only during the summer, but also nest, 16 species belong to migratory birds which pass through here in the fall and spring to the northern areas where they nest. Five species occur here only in winter. List of bird species in the park includes 9 species of woodpeckers. This number represents 90% of families in Europe and presents the ecological diversity of opportunities available to woodpecker in these forest areas.

Perucica represents a small remnant of the primordial nature with rich multifunctional biodiversity and deserves to be fully protected for present and future generations.

 

 

Bijambare

 

 

Bijambare tract, which comprises 370 acres, recently has been declared a protected area of the fifth category ("protected landscape") by the law. Traditionally is considered to be highly valued for its natural beauty and wealth.

Protected area is located on the northeast slopes of the Canton of Sarajevo, near Nisicka visoravan. A good approach in this area, due to favorable location near the main road Sarajevo-Tuzla, is what makes it even more attractive for tourists.

At an average altitude of 950 m there is a dense evergreen forest with various pine trees and fresh air. There are also beautiful meadows with two streams flowing through and thus forming small lakes that plunge into the ground, into a rocky substrate composed of karstified limestone.

 

 

Una National Park

 

Una National Park is one of three national parks in Bosnia and Herzegovina. National Park was declared on May 29th, 2008., and includes the area of the canyon part of the upper stream of river Una, upstream from Lohovo, then the area of the canyon part of the lower stream of river Unac, from its mouth into Una upstream to Drvarsko polje, and interspace between Una and Unac as well. The whole area of national park area is 19,800 acres.

The value of biodiversity of protected area of Una is characterized by a large number of endemic and relict species. Excessive exploitation of natural resources such as forests, overgrazing, mines and planned hydropower plants threaten this unique site which contains more than 170 types of medicinal herbs. Rare plant Campanile Unensis or Una zvoncic, is named after the colors of Una.

The special value of this area is Strbacki Buk - unique waterfall and cascades that were created from the effects resulting from influence of biological, chemical and physical factors.

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